Today you will be met by your private guide for a full day of touring. Your guide will be a professional Egyptologist, specially trained in Egyptian history and culture and will escort you for tours of Memphis, Sakkara, Pyramids and the Sphinx, including lunch.
The legendary city of Memphis was founded in 3100 BC by Menes, the Pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt. It became the capital of the Old Kingdom, a center for religion with a huge temple to the god Ptah, and the heart of Egypt’s busy import-export activity, with traders from around the world giving it a cosmopolitan atmosphere.
Sakkara was the cemetery for the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis. This is the place where the very first pyramids were built as tombs for kings, not with smooth sides, but with six steps on the outside representing the pharaoh’s stepladder to heaven. Here you’ll see the famous Step Pyramid of King Zoser, the first pyramid ever built and the world’s oldest freestanding stone structure.
The Great Pyramids of Giza are the only present-day survivors of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, built about 4500 years ago. These are the giant tombs for the mummies of the pharaohs Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, who were a father, son and grandson. In the ancient Egyptian religion, the sides of the pyramids were likened to sun rays on which the Pharaoh ascended to heaven. The pyramids are truly monumental in scale, with the largest, Khufu’s, made of over two million blocks. The pyramids were not built by slaves, but by Egyptian peasants who paid their taxes to the Pharaoh through this labor, and were fed, clothed and housed by him.
Nearby the Pyramids sits the enigmatic Sphinx, with the body of a lion and the face of a man wearing a royal head cloth. About a thousand years after the Sphinx was built, it was covered in sand until a young prince had a dream in which the Sphinx told him that if he cleared the sand away, he would become Pharaoh. This story is told on the ‘Dream Stela’ that was placed between the Sphinx’s paws by King Tuthmose IV.
Upon completion of your tour, you will be returned to your hotel. Enjoy your evening at leisure.
Mena House Hotel Meals: Breakfast / Lunch